Archives and Primary Sources

Archives and Sources

Selection of Web resources that disseminate archival material (manuscripts, correspondence, maps, newspapers, photographs), as well as artifacts and works of art related to the North, the Arctic and, in particular, to Indigenous peoples.

Access to the free databases is open to all. Some of them provide access to bibliographic references only, while others allow the full text of publications to be obtained (free access). Restricted-access databases are part of the resources acquired through institutional subscriptions. Their use is license-based, and is restricted to members of the universities mentioned.

To consult the various categories and subcategories that this collection contains, use the filter Collection.

Resources

Displaying 1 - 20 of 35 results

  • Avataq Cultural Institute

    Available to all

    Three separate collections are available through the website: an archeology collection, an art and artifact collection, and archives of drawings, historical photos, and oral histories. The institute also houses a library that holds more than 4,000 publications, mostly concerning Nunavik, as well as information about other Arctic regions and indigenous peoples.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Archeology, Artifacts, Arts, Inuit, Nunavik
    Page d'accueil

  • Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center Archival Program

    Available to all

    Archival collection on polar exploration and research developed by Ohio State University. Include virtual exhibitions.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Exploration, Primary Sources
    Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center Archival Program

  • Canadiana

    Available to all

    A virtual library dedicated to Canadian history, providing access to prints from the era of early European settlers to the mid-20th century. Various collections related to autochthony and northernness are included, including those of the Hudson's Bay Company Archives, Jesuit Relations and Native Studies (formerly called Early Canadiana Online)

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** General Public ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Indigenous peoples, Colonialism, Hudson’s Bay Company, Europe, Jesuits
    Capture_Canadiana

  • Corpus of Inuit Prints : Woodblock print (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    Corpus of prints produced by Manuel Lau and published under the aegis of Puvirnituq Printshop. Since the inception of the Experimental Print Program in Cape Dorset, Puvirnituq has been one of four Inuit communities that has produced collections of prints on a regular basis. These works allow us to appreciate this practice of Inuit art which traditionally puts the world around it first. It includes, among other things, a tribute to the internationally renowned artist Davidialuk Alaasuaq Amittukinuit.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Indigenous art, Inuit
    Corpus of Inuit Prints : Woodblock print

  • Corpus of Inuit prints: linocut (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    Selection of prints made by Aisa Amittuq, son of the famous Inuit artist Davidialuk Alasua Amittu. Although Aisa is best known for his stone carvings, mostly carved from the dark stone found near Akulivik and Puvirnituq, this corpus bears witness to his experience in recording narrative accounts from Inuit oral tradition on prints in two dimensions.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects:
    Corpus of Inuit prints: linocut

  • Corpus of Inuit prints: silkscreen (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    This selection of prints illustrates screen printing practices within the Inuit community of Povungnituk during the 1980s, spurred on by the Cape Dorset art movement. This so-called contemporary artistic phase was characterized by a culture in full transition and coincided with the gradual "opening" of the North after the Second World War. This corpus highlights birds, marine mammals and land animals from the Arctic.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Indigenous art, Inuit, Arts
    Corpus of Inuit prints: silkscreen

  • Corpus of Inuit Prints: Stone Engraving (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    This selection of prints illustrates stonecutting practices within the Inuit art community of Povungnituk in the early 1980s. Featuring prominent Inuit printmakers of the time, it highlights the complex self-representation of the experience. Nordic, the founding myths of Inuit culture as well as traditional hunting and fishing techniques.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Inuit, Indigenous art
    Corpus of Inuit Prints: Stone Engraving

  • Early Books in Aboriginal Languages : Witnesses of Founding Cultures (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    Published between 1556 and 1900, these works contain concrete traces of the linguistic heritage of the first Aboriginal peoples who inhabited what is now Quebec: Iroquoian languages (including Mohawk and Wendat), Algonquian (including Algonquin, Abenaki, Cree, Innu, Mi'kmaq) as well as Inuktitut. These are alphabet books, syllabaries, grammars, dictionaries, lexicons, reading books and other textbooks. This collection also sheds light on the history of relations between indigenous communities and European settlers.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Indigenous languages, Linguistic, Colonialism, Algonquins, Cree, Innu language, Indigenous authors
    Early Books in Aboriginal Languages : Witnesses of Founding Cultures

  • Early encounters in North America : peoples, cultures, and the environment

    Concordia (Reserved Access) | Laval (Reserved Access) | McGill (Reserved Access)

    Letters, stories, accounts and images from more than 1400 authors about the first contacts between First Peoples and Europeans, between 1534 and 1850. Provides access to documents by people, places, years, type of environments, etc.

    Collection(s): *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources, *** Archives and Primary Sources ***
    Reserved Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Indigenous peoples, Colonialism, Europe, First contact, Primary Sources
    Early encounters in North America

  • Empire Online

    Concordia (Reserved Access) | Laval (Reserved Access) | McGill (Reserved Access) | UQAM (Reserved Access)

    Manuscripts, printed works, correspondence, maps, photographs, etc., related to history, politics, culture and colonial societies from the collections of 23 libraries in the United States and the United Kingdom. Opportunity to filter by geographic region (North America).

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***
    Reserved Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Indigenous peoples, Colonialism, History, Politics, Primary Sources
    Capture_Empire_Online

  • Fauna boreali-americana, or, The zoology of the northern parts of British America : containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions under command of Captain Sir John Franklin, R.N (BAnQ)

    Available to all | UQAM (eBook)

    Three volumes of the scientific work Fauna Boreali-Americana, written by John Richardson with contributions from William Swainson and Reverend William Kriby. John Richardson participated in Sir John Franklin's first two Arctic expeditions as a physician and naturalist. Published between 1829 and 1837, each of these three volumes is dedicated to a specific animal species: insects, birds and quadrupeds. This work is an interesting example of Predarwinian natural history, containing detailed descriptions of the appearance, anatomy and behavior of different species. Descriptions of species sometimes include details about their interactions with humans.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences, Natural Sciences
    Subjects: Animals, Arctic fauna, Canadian arctic
    Fauna boreali-americana, or, The zoology of the northern parts of British America : containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions under command of Captain Sir John Franklin, R.N

  • Frontier Life: Borderlands, Settlement & Colonial Encounters

    Concordia (Reserved Access) | INRS (Reserved Access) | Laval (Reserved Access) | McGill (Reserved Access)

    Printed books, government, legal and commercial documents, newspapers and magazines, maps, photographs, etc., dealing with the theme of the borderlands and colonization during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. Includes 18 archival collections from the United States and Canada, including the Hudson's Bay Company Archives (Archives of Manitoba) and thematic guides on First Nations, exploration, expeditions and travel.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Reserved Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Indigenous peoples, Colonialism, Hudson’s Bay Company, Exploration, Borders, Primary Sources
    Frontier Life: Borderlands, Settlement & Colonial Encounters

  • Hubert Wenger Eskimo Database

    Available to all

    Bibliography of literature reporting first contact and first observations of the Inuit, hosted by the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources, Databases
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Bibliography, Inuit, Literature, First contact
    Hubert Wenger Eskimo Database

  • Illustrations taken from Quebec periodicals: expeditions in the arctic archipelago (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    Dating from the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, these illustrations taken from Quebec periodicals shed light on the wave of expeditions devoted to reaching the northern summit with a view to claiming sovereignty over the North Pole. There are old engravings of the ship Fram on which the Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen made the first transpolar drift, an image illustrating the departure of Captain J. E. Bernier during his Canadian boreal expedition, etc.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** Studying the North ***, Historical Perspectives
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences, Natural Sciences
    Subjects: Arctic archipelago, Exploration, Arctic Ocean, Canadian arctic
    Illustrations taken from Quebec periodicals: expeditions in the arctic archipelago

  • Illustrations taken from Quebec periodicals: Inuit mores and customs (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    19th century documentary iconography corpus. These images, taken from Quebec magazines: L'Opinion publique (1870-1883), Monde Illustré (1884-1902,1907) and L'Album Univers (1902-1907), paint a picture of the cultural and social life of the Inuit in a time when photographs were uncommon.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences, Natural Sciences
    Subjects: Inuit, Cultural identity, Hunting and fishing, Villages
    Illustrations taken from Quebec periodicals: Inuit mores and customs

  • Images du Nord et de l’Arctique

    Available to all

    Photographs and postcards of the Université Laval library, representing First Nations and Inuit, settlers, missionaries, explorers and landscapes from Canada's Arctic and Northern Quebec. Includes photographs of the Judicial Expedition in 1923 at Pond Inlet (Baffin Island), with Captain Bernier.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Canadian arctic, Indigenous peoples, Postcards, Joseph-Elzéar Bernier, Missionaries, Northern Quebec, Photographs
    Images du Nord et de l’Arctique

  • Indigenous Peoples. North America

    McGill (Reserved Access)

    Includes extensive monograph, manuscript, newspaper, periodical and photograph collections. McGill has text mining rights for Gale Databases for our researchers. Please contact a librarian for more information.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Reserved Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: North America, Indigenous peoples, Primary Sources
    Indigenous Peoples. North America

  • Inuit print - Growth: I (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    Print by Ludmila Armate, painter of Polish origin working in Quebec, published in a collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative. In the late 1990s, at the instigation of his coming to Kinngait Studios, the Inuit of Cape Dorset were introduced to large-format drawings with oil sticks for the first time.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: Indigenous art, Inuit
    Inuit print - Growth: I

  • North American Indian thought and culture

    Concordia (Reserved Access) | Laval (Reserved Access) | McGill (Reserved Access)

    Biographies, stories, oral histories, speeches, photographs, drawings and audio files related to Indigenous history and culture in North America. Provides access to documents by people, places, years, type of environments, etc.

    Collection(s): *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources, *** Archives and Primary Sources ***
    Reserved Access, Humanities and Social Sciences
    Subjects: North America, Indigenous peoples, Culture, History, Primary Sources
    North American Indian thought and culture

  • Photographic serie: Montagnais and Naskapi communities of the Côte-Nord and Labrador (BAnQ)

    Available to all

    This photographic series was taken by Paul Provencher and bears witness to his career as a forest engineer for the Quebec North Shore company between 1929 and 1963. During this period, he explored, surveyed and inventoried the boreal forest of the Côte-Nord and du Labrador. He meets and accompanies the Innu along the Manicouagan and Toulnustouc rivers and visits the communities of Betsiamites (Pessamit), Sept-Îles (Uashat Mak Mani-Utenam), La Romaine (Unamen Shipi), Moisie Fort Mackenzie (Kawawachikamach, Matimekosh). His photographs bear witness to the Innu-aitun culture and promote the recognition of ancestral aboriginal practices that have been tested and proven for centuries.

    Collection(s): *** Archives and Primary Sources ***, *** First Peoples of the North ***, Archives and Primary Sources
    Free - Open Access, Humanities and Social Sciences, Natural Sciences
    Subjects: Innu territory, Innu-aitun, Innu, Forestry, Forests, Labrador, Côte-Nord, Cultural identity, Natural resources
    Photographic serie: Montagnais and Naskapi communities of the Côte-Nord and Labrador

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